Section 179 is a valuable tax deduction that offers businesses the opportunity to deduct significant costs from qualifying equipment and software. Resulting in significant savings for businesses that are looking to  invest in new equipment. Leading to increased productivity, improved efficiency, and ultimately, greater profitability.

Imagine you're a business owner eyeing a crucial addition to your operations, be it a state-of-the-art piece of machinery or cutting-edge software. Enter Section 179 of the IRS code, a dynamic provision that lets you take the entire purchase price of eligible assets as a deduction in the year of acquisition. It's like a turbocharger for your tax strategy, enabling you to derive immediate benefits from your investments.

In this guide, we’ll discuss the details of Section 179, including eligibility requirements and how to maximize potential savings. We'll also provide resources and tips to help businesses take full advantage of this deduction.

What is Section 179

Section 179 is a provision of the Internal Revenue Code (IRC) that allows businesses to deduct the cost of certain qualifying equipment in the year it is placed in service.

In order to qualify, it is important to note that the property must be actively used in the conduct of a trade or business, meaning that it plays a significant role in the day-to-day operations. Additionally, it should be depreciable under the Internal Revenue Code (IRC). Which allows for the gradual tax deduction of the property's cost over its useful life. Meeting these requirements ensures that the property can benefit from the associated tax advantages and deductions.

For the 2023 tax year,, businesses can take advantage of the maximum Section 179 deduction of $1,160,000. However, there is a spending cap of $4,050,000. This means that if a business purchases qualifying equipment worth $4,050,000 in 2023, they can only deduct $1,160,000 in the current year. The remaining $2,890,000 will need to be depreciated over time.

What Section 179 Can Deduct and What It Can't

The Section 179 deduction, a tax provision, offers a significant opportunity for businesses to deduct the cost of qualifying property. This deduction can be applied to a wide range of assets.

Including the following:

Machinery and Equipment

Not all businesses rely on the same assets for business. Some are infinitely more reliant on heavy machinery and equipment to turn a profit. Not to mention, they may also be under greater pressure to update to more modern hardware to maintain a competitive edge. In addition to the imperative of generating profits to sustain their operations.

Companies who find themselves in these situations probably have the most to gain by using Section 179 deductions. Things like manufacturing or production equipment, tools, computers and office furniture all qualify for the deduction.


For businesses relying on vehicles, Section 179 can also be a game-changer. It allows you to deduct a substantial portion of the vehicle's cost immediately. This deduction is valuable for vehicles meeting specific criteria.

The deduction for passenger vehicles is not available, unless they have a gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) of more than 6,000 pounds. This weight rating serves as a threshold, ensuring that the deduction is limited to vehicles that are primarily used for business purposes rather than personal use. It helps maintain fairness in tax deductions and encourages the use of larger vehicles for commercial and work-related activities.

Furthermore, starting from the tax year 2023, passenger vehicles, including cars, trucks, and SUVs, will qualify for a generous deduction of $28,900. This tax benefit is aimed at incentivizing the purchase and use of environmentally friendly vehicles that meet certain emission standards. Encouraging individuals to make more sustainable transportation choices.

Computers and Software

Section 179 of the tax code provides significant assistance to businesses looking to invest in new systems. By allowing upfront deduction of these expenses, businesses can reduce their taxable income and increase their tax savings. This not only promotes innovation and efficiency but also minimizes the financial impact of technology upgrades.

With the financial burden eased, businesses can more readily embrace the latest technological advancements, enhance productivity, and stay ahead in today's competitive landscape.

Qualified Improvement Property

Qualified improvement property refers to enhancements made to the interior of non-residential properties like retail spaces, offices, or restaurants. These improvements can range from renovations and expansions to upgrades in lighting and infrastructure.

Section 179 recognizes the importance of such enhancements and allows you to deduct qualified improvement property costs. By taking advantage of this deduction, you can lower your taxable income and invest in creating a more appealing environment for customers and employees.

The Section 179 deduction cannot be used for the following property:


Section 179 is a powerful tool for deducting the cost of qualifying assets, but it draws a clear line at land.

Land, by itself, is not considered depreciable property. Since land typically appreciates in value rather than depreciating, it doesn't align with the underlying principles of Section 179. Therefore, you can't utilize this deduction to write off the cost of land purchases for your business.


Similarly, buildings are excluded from Section 179 deductions.

While buildings may indeed house your business operations, they fall under a different set of tax rules known as depreciation. Buildings, along with their structural components, are subject to depreciation over an extended period. This means that while you can recover the cost of buildings over time, you can't claim an immediate deduction for the entire purchase price under Section 179.


Inventory, which consists of goods intended for sale, is not eligible for Section 179 deductions.

Unlike long-term assets like equipment and machinery, inventory is considered a current asset meant for generating revenue. Although essential for business operations, inventory is subject to different accounting and tax treatments, thus disqualifying it for Section 179 deductions.

Personal Property

"Personal property" includes a wide range of items like clothing, furniture, and collectibles.

In the business context, personal property refers to assets used for personal, not business, purposes. Section 179 focuses on business investments and doesn't cover personal property not primarily used for business operations. While there may be cases of personal property being used for business, eligibility under Section 179 depends on the primary intent and use.

Here are some additional things to keep in mind about Section 179:

As you navigate the terrain of Section 179 deductions, it's crucial to grasp the finer points to make the most of this powerful tax tool. Here are six additional nuggets of information that shed light on the intricacies of Section 179:

  1. Phase-Out Thresholds: Section 179 offers deductions, but be aware of the phase-out threshold. If your business exceeds a certain purchase amount, the deduction decreases. Stay informed about these limits to plan investments strategically and optimize deductions.
  2. Combining with Bonus Depreciation: Section 179 works in harmony with other tax deductions like bonus depreciation. Bonus depreciation lets you deduct a percentage of eligible asset costs in the year they're placed in service. By combining Section 179 with bonus depreciation, you can maximize deductions and save on taxes.
  3. Qualified Real Property: In 2023, Section 179 was expanded to include qualified real property improvements. This means that certain interior improvements to non-residential properties, such as roofs, HVAC systems, and fire protection systems, are eligible for Section 179 deductions. This expansion broadens the range of assets you can deduct, enhancing your ability to offset costs.
  4. Leased and Financed Equipment: You're not out of luck if you lease or finance equipment. Section 179 doesn't discriminate against leased or financed assets. You can claim deductions for these assets as long as they meet the qualifying criteria. This flexibility recognizes the diverse financing methods businesses use.
  5. State-Level Considerations: While Section 179 is a federal provision, it's important to note that states may have different rules and limits for deductions. Some states follow federal limits, while others have their own rules. Consider state-level implications for Section 179 deductions when planning your tax strategy.
  6. Documentation Matters: When it comes to taxes, documentation is crucial. Keep accurate records of your purchases, usage, and calculations for Section 179 deductions. This supports your deductions and ensures compliance during an audit.


If you're a business owner or manager who is considering purchasing qualifying property, it's important to explore and understand the valuable tax deduction known as Section 179. This deduction is designed to benefit businesses by allowing them to deduct the full purchase price of qualifying equipment and software in the year it is placed in service. By taking advantage of Section 179, you can potentially save a significant amount of money on your tax bill.

To begin the application process and maximize your tax benefits, we recommend engaging with our trusted partner, ROK Financial. Their team of experts can guide you through the process, ensuring that you make the most of the Section 179 deduction and optimize your tax savings.

Don't miss out on this opportunity to reduce your tax liability and invest in your business's growth. Start maximizing your tax benefits today by exploring Section 179 and partnering with ROK Financial.

This blog is for informational purposes only, always consult your tax advisor in regards to any deductions your business may be eligible to receive.


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About the Author, Madison Taylor

Madison Taylor is the Brand Ambassador at ROK Financial. She is responsible for raising brand awareness and business relationships with business owners across the country. Madison loves that she plays a small role in getting Business Back To Business Through Simple Business Financing and looks forward to hearing what you think about the blogs she creates! Madison has been working in the financial space for six years, and loves it! When she is not at work, you will find her at home learning a new recipe to test out on her family or going on new adventures with her friends.